Parkinson's disease (PD) affects about 1 million people in the United States and 50,000 new cases are diagnosed each year. As researchers learn more about the disease, improved treatment options are possible. That's good news for people like Paul Ramirez, a World War II veteran and avid dancer. He was first diagnosed with Parkinson's disease in 1999, after his wife saw him shuffling his feet during their daily neighborhood walks. Like many people with PD, Ramirez was treated with a traditional levodopa medication to manage his symptoms. Levodopa is the most widely used symptomatic PD treatment and has remained the "gold standard" of care for nearly 40 years. The majority of people with PD eventually need levodopa treatment to control their symptoms, even if they begin their therapy with other medications. After several years of treatment with levodopa, however, people with PD may see changes in the way their medication controls their symptoms. Symptoms may return before it is time for the next dose of medication. For Ramirez, the change in duration of his symptom control became increasingly noticeable after the first two to three years of levodopa treatment. Not only did he find that the onset of daily symptoms was becoming less predictable, he also found that his "off" time was increasing, meaning his motor symptoms, like freezing and slowness of movement, lasted for longer periods of time during each day. Since Ramirez's PD symptoms were not controlled as long as they could be, he needed to use a walker in order to maintain his balance, which severely limited his ability to participate in the activities that he enjoyed. "I love to dance, but within a few years of being diagnosed with Parkinson's disease, I found that I not only couldn't dance, but many times I was even too weak to walk. It was very frustrating," says Ramirez. The change in symptom control that he experienced is called "wearing off." Symptoms associated with levodopa therapy "wearing off" can include both motor and nonmotor symptoms. Motor symptoms may include trembling or shaking and nonmotor symptoms may include anxiety or feeling restless. When levodopa medication "wears off," it can make even basic daily activities, such as walking and dressing, difficult for the person with Parkinson's disease. Ramirez's doctor, Kevin Callerame, M. D., staff Adult Neurologist at the NeuroMedical Center in Baton Rouge, La., says, "The good news is that the motor symptoms of 'wearing off' can be treated with newer levodopa medications that can help increase the time levodopa controls the symptoms of Parkinson's disease." When Dr. Callerame saw him in the summer of 2004, the physician noticed that he would have frequent freezing episodes. Dr. Callerame began treating Ramirez with a Parkinson's disease medication called Stalevo® (carbidopa, levodopa and entacapone). Stalevo is an enhanced levodopa medication that combines levodopa with two other components to reduce its side effects and extend its benefits. Stalevo tablets are indicated for certain PD patients who have levodopa-related "wearing off" motor complications. In the year since Ramirez's medication has changed, Dr. Callerame says, "Ramirez's symptoms have been controlled for four to five hours, versus one to two hours, following each dose of Stalevo." For Ramirez, longer symptom control has enabled him to walk more easily, and that has given him the confidence to try other activities that he once enjoyed. Dr. Callerame urges people with Parkinson's disease to communicate openly with their doctors because different treatment options may be available. However, in order to treat "wearing off," it must first be identified. A new, free-of-charge information and resource kit is available for people with Parkinson's disease that can help to identify the signs and symptoms of "wearing off." The kit contains a diary card to track when symptoms come back between doses of medication. To order a free StEP Kit, call 1-866-STEP-KIT (1-866-783-7548) toll-free or visit stepkit. net. Ramirez's story represents the successful treatment with Stalevo (carbidopa, levodopa and entacapone) of an actual patient with Parkinson's disease and experiencing "wearing off." Because every patient responds differently, results may vary. In a clinical trial, Stalevo provided, on average, 1.4 more hours a day of symptom relief than standard levodopa. Recognizing the signs and symptoms of "wearing off" can help you manage your Parkinson's disease symptoms. Important Information for Patients Regarding Stalevo®: Stalevo® (carbidopa, levodopa and entacapone) tablets are indicated for patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). Stalevo is a medicine that can be used instead of carbidopa/levodopa and Comtan® (entacapone) by patients taking those medicines as separate tablets. Depending on levodopa dose and side effects, Stalevo can also be used to replace carbidopa/levodopa when the benefits of levodopa are wearing off. Please ask your health care professional if Stalevo is appropriate for you. Stalevo is supplied as tablets in three strengths: Stalevo 50, containing 12.5 mg carbidopa, 50 mg levodopa and 200 mg entacapone; Stalevo 100, containing 25 mg carbidopa, 100 mg levodopa and 200 mg entacapone; and Stalevo 150, containing 37.5 mg carbidopa, 150 mg levodopa and 200 mg entacapone. The most common side effects of Stalevo are unwanted or uncontrollable movements (known as dyskinesia); nausea; diarrhea; excessive muscle movements (known as hyperkinesia); harmless discoloration of urine, sweat and/or saliva; diminished or slow movements (known as hypokinesia); abdominal pain; dizziness; constipation; fatigue; pain; and hallucinations. Some of the more serious side effects may include severe diarrhea, severe dyskinesia, hallucinations, other mental disturbances, orthostatic hypotension (low blood pressure), rhabdomyolysis (a muscle disease), and symptoms resembling neuroleptic malignant syndrome (a condition characterized by fever and muscle stiffness). Tell your health care professional if you have bothersome side effects. He or she can make adjustments that may reduce these effects. You should not quickly lower your Stalevo dose or suddenly stop it altogether. Drugs broken down by the COMT enzyme (e. g., isoproterenol, epinephrine) should be used with caution when taking Stalevo. If you take a nonselective monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitor, you should not take Stalevo. Stalevo should not be taken with selegiline at doses higher than 10 mg/day. Because Stalevo contains entacapone, it should not be taken together with Comtan. Be careful using Stalevo if you have severe heart or lung disease; asthma; renal, hepatic or endocrine disease; or a history of heart attacks or ulcers. Do not take Stalevo if you have glaucoma, melanoma or other related medical disorders. Before you take Stalevo, talk to your doctor about any health problems you might have.
Stroke occurs when a blot clot occurs in an already narrowed blood vessel in the brain. Once that clot occurs the brain will be deprived of blood and the neccesary oxygen causing perment brain damage to that area. People may have "mini strokes" in which they suffer from the same signs and symptoms but are only temporary. It is important to inform the casualty that they should go see a doctor as soon as possible because they are at a very high risk of suffering from a full stroke in which they will suffer permanent brain damage. Here are a few signs and symptoms of a stroke. Paralysis on one side of the body or face, slurred speech (due to partial facial paralysis), dizziness, confusion, unequal sized pupils or changes in levels of conciousness. Here are a few questions you can ask the casualty that you are expecting to have had a stroke. 1. Ask them to smile. If they cannot smile fully it may be because they have a partial face paralysis. 2. Ask them questions that they need to respond to. If they are incoherent or slur their speech they may have partial paralysis to the face or they are confused. 3. Ask them to raise both arms. If they cannot raise both arms they may have paralysis to one side of their body. This will help you identify facial weakness, arm weakness and speech problems. The quicker you recognize the signs of stroke the faster you can get them to the hospital and reduce the chances of getting permenant brain damage.
Bausch & Lomb’s Renu with MoistureLoc contact lens cleaning solution has been linked to a rare type of fungal eye infection called Fusarium Keratitis. Although investigations have not revealed a single, definitive causal agent at this time, the obvious correlation between product use and the Fusarium Keratitis infection has led Bausch & Lomb, the FDA and the CDC to take immediate action. On May 15, 2006 the U. S. Food and Drug Administration issued a statement to the public alerting them to the fact that Bausch & Lomb had announced a global recall of its Renu with MoistureLoc contact lens cleaning solution. Just two days prior to this, on May 13, 2006, Bausch & Lomb suspended all United States sales of its MoistureLoc product. This was a direct response to the CDC’s announcement that it was investigating a “spike in infections in Americans using this solution.” However, it is the Far East that first experienced fungal outbreaks in correlation with the Bausch & Lomb product. In February of 2006, sales of Renu with MoistureLoc were stopped in these countries. Infections have also occurred recently in Europe. Ongoing federal inspections of Bausch & Lomb’s South Carolina factory in Greenville have not resulted in any evidence of sub-standard practices or contamination to date. Bausch & Lomb’s Chief Executive, Ron Zarrella, stated that “…some aspect of the MoistureLoc formula may be increasing the relative risk of Fusarium infection in unusual circumstances…”He also advised customers to stop using the product and emphasized that "Bausch & Lomb's top priority is the safety of our customers, and we want them to have complete confidence in our products." What is Fusarium Keratitis? Fusarium Keratitis is a severe, rare, painful fungal infection of the eye that can lead to blindness. Fusarium, a fungus that is found in the environment and on our skin, is generally found in plant materials in tropical and subtropical areas. Usually, Fusarium enters the eye when there is a trauma or injury to the cornea. It may also occur in individuals with compromised immune systems. It is not transmitted from person to person. It is a new phenomenon to see many otherwise healthy individuals, who have not experienced trauma to the eye, suffering from this infection. Keratitis translates to ‘inflammation of the cornea’.Diagnosis can be challenging, because the early clinical features generally present like other infections caused by viruses, bacteria and even protozoa. However, the recent surge in Fusarium Keratitis has created a heightened awareness and concern among eye doctors. The prompt recognition of an existing fungal infection is critical, as corneal scarring and permanent loss of vision can occur without immediate and appropriate treatment. Treatment consists of eye drops for a period of two to three months and sometimes an oral antifungal medication. Surgery is necessary in some cases. Signs and Symptoms The following is a brief list of symptoms which may be present with Fusarium Keratitis: - Unusual redness in the eye - Eye pain - Blurred or hazy vision - Excessive tearing - Sensitivity to light - Ocular pain - Ocular discharge There is a theory among some eye specialists that Renu with MoistureLoc’s properties, namely the combination of a new disinfectant called Alexidine along with newer moisturizing agents, may be contributing to the outbreak of infections. It is important to note, that although Alexidine has been determined to be safe and effective, specific conditions may change this. They are: - Failure to routinely replace solution in lens case - Failure to close bottle (of solution) - Failure to effectively clean case. Additionally, Daniel Schultz, Director of the FDA’s Center For Devices and Radiological Health said, “There does appear to be an association between the formulation itself as well as certain use patterns in creating this higher than normal incidence of these particular infections.” On May 12, 2006, the CDC confirmed 122 cases of Fusarium Keratitis in the United States, and the majority of these cases reported using Bausch & Lomb Renu with MoistureLoc. At that time there were another 15 cases under the heading of “possible” and at least 60 more under investigation! This troubling scenario, and the tragic damage suffered by its victims, has led many to question the efficiency and effectiveness of Bausch & Lomb’s response to the evidence as it was presented to them. Dr. Chu of NJ, a specialist in corneal diseases, phoned Bausch & Lomb back in March to alert them to the fact that three of his patients were suffering from a dangerous microbe and that all three were Bausch & Lomb customers. It has been reported that this was the first official U. S. involvement that Bausch & Lomb was aware of. Although Bausch & Lomb responded by confirmingthat there had been cases of Fusarium Keratitis in the Far East, it was Dr. Chu who first contacted the Federal Health Authorities. There are victims in at least 32 states who are currently affected by the Fusarium Keratitis infection. Subsequently there are a growing number of lawsuits. Zoe Wade, a 69 year old woman in Florida, filed a lawsuit in Palm Beach County. She claims that she started using the Bausch & Lomb Renu with MoistureLoc solution last July. By October her infection was severe and she was in great pain. Just seven months after using the product, her doctor recommended that her left eye be removed in order to stop the infection from spreading to her brain. Zoe Wade’s attorney also represents a 46-year old man, another Bausch & Lomb cleaning solution customer, afflicted with the fungal infection. He now has impaired vision and is suing the company. Records reveal that seven other individuals filed suits in April and seek class action status. Barbara Cavallaro of Cranston, Rhode Island has filed a $5 million class action suit in addition to an individual suit. Her sight is permanently damaged and her eyes are now two different colors. She too, was a Renu with MoistrueLoc customer. It is strongly urged that clinicians seeing patients with eye infections immediately refer these patients to doctors for definitive diagnoses. Clinical specimens are obtained through corneal cultures, corneal tissue biopsies or confocal microscopy. The infection may present as a gray or white lesion with a feathery border. All cases of Fusarium Keratitis should be reported to local health departments and / or the CDC. It is extremely frightening to think that a contact lens product can lead to severe eye infection or blindness. Naturally, the rising occurrence of Fusarium Keratitis, and its association with the Bausch & Lomb cleaning solution, has many contact lens users concerned about their own safety. If you are using Bausch & Lomb Renu with MoistureLoc cleaning solution, you should discontinue immediately and throw it away. However, contact lens use is still considered a healthy choice when it is prescribed by your doctor. The American Optometric Association states that “contact lenses remain a safe and effective form of vision correction.” They do stress, however, that excellent hygiene is the key to safe contact lens use. They recommend the following guidelines to ensure safe and healthy contact lens use: - Wash your hands with soap and water each time you handle your contact lenses. - Clean lenses regularly. - Lenses should be stored in a clean lens case. - Replace your lens case every three months. - Use the specific cleaning products recommended by your eye doctor. - Discard old solution. - Do not re-use old solution. - Contact lenses need to be replaced as directed by your physician. - If you experience symptoms such as redness, pain, tearing, or sensitivity to light, remove lenses immediately and call your doctor. This article was originally published by LawsuitSearch on 5/21/2006 4:00 PM at lawsuitsearch/news/product-liability/renu_moistureloc_eye_infections_sy. aspx
There may be new hope for many cancer patients, their caregivers and loved ones. That's because America's research-based pharmaceutical companies are today developing nearly 400 new medicines to treat cancer, according to a survey of ongoing research conducted by the Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America (PhRMA). Many of the medicines now in development represent potential breakthrough cancer treatments, while others involve possible new uses for existing medicines. The medicines in development are all either in clinical trials or under review by the Food and Drug Administration. They include: • 62 for lung cancer, the leading cause of cancer death in the United States; • 49 for breast cancer, which is expected to strike more than 200,000 American women this year; • 50 for prostate cancer, which is expected to kill more than 30,000 American men this year; and • 35 for colorectal cancer, the third most common cancer in both men and women in the U. S. Other potential medicines target kidney cancer, pancreatic cancer, brain cancer, skin cancer, ovarian cancer and others. In addition, companies are working on new treatments to improve the quality of life for people undergoing cancer treatment. "Anyone fighting cancer or anyone who has beaten it knows the importance of these medicines and this research," said Billy Tauzin, PhRMA president and CEO who is also a cancer survivor. "Sometimes, the hope that one of these new medicines will work for you is what keeps you fighting the disease." Recent cancer research efforts have resulted in several new treatments. For example, a medicine to treat metastatic colorectal cancer is the first treatment approved that prevents the formation of new blood vessels that provide tumors with oxygen and nutrients. There's also a medicine for the treatment of nonsmall-cell lung cancer that inhibits the formation and growth of tumor cells. Research into possible new cancer cures and treatments is today being conducted by as many as 178 biopharmaceutical companies as well as by the National Cancer Institute. The Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America represents the country's leading pharmaceutical research and biotechnology companies.
For those suffering from arthritis in the spine, palindromic arthritis, viral arthritis, and/or cervical arthritis, coping techniques are simply not the answer. Lumbar arthritis, shoulder arthritis, viral arthritis, and/or psoriasis arthritis sufferers, for example, desire permanent arthritis pain relief, arthritis treatment, new arthritis medication, and/or effective arthritis drugs. What is shoulder arthritis, arthritis rheumatism, neck arthritis, infectious arthritis, and/or psoriatic arthritis pain? Foot arthritis pain, back arthritis pain, rheumatic arthritis pain, knee arthritis pain and other pains mean something is wrong in your body. Signs and symptoms of arthritis, signs of arthritis, or arthritis pain may begin as morning stiffness. And for millions of us, arthritis can become a crippling disease. Alternative Treatments For Arthritis Many arthritis sufferers have tried unusual and rather nasty ‘cures’ for their disease like enduring bee-stings or covering themselves in cow-manure. The benefits must have been rather less spectacular than the cures or else everyone else would have done the same. One arthritis cure suggests that half a glass of raw potato juice followed by chewing two or three juniper berries will do the trick! While this may be so, many doctors and scientists researching arthritis have studied the benefits of taking nutritional substances like vitamins. In fact, studies have shown that people with arthritis are mostly deficient in the B group of vitamins, though whether this is due to the disease, or to the fact that taking aspirin depletes the bodies stores of this vitamin is not clear. Vitamin C, E and beta-carotenes are powerful antioxidants that help to neutralize free radicals. These oxygen-reactive free radical molecules are thought to contribute significantly to disease and tissue damage. It has been found that cells from damaged knee cartilage can release great amounts of free radicals. In fact, studies have shown that those who have a high Vitamin C intake have a two-thirds reduction in the risk of further damage to their knees. Well-known scientist Dr. Linus Pauling recommends 18 grams of V-C per day as an arthritis preventative measure. Osteoarthritis can cause thinning of the bones, and so can prednisone, often given to treat it. It makes sense then to increase the amount of Vitamin D and calcium, both of which are bone-builders. As far back as 1974, British scientists found that lack of vitamin D contributed to bone fractures in the elderly with arthritis. Lack of sunlight and an unhealthy diet both contributed to the lack. The recommended daily dose of Vitamin D is 400 IU or 600 IU if for those over the age of 60. A daily dose of 1200 IU is the limit as this vitamin is toxic if too much is taken. Vitamin E is also an antioxidant, working in a similar way to vitamin C. Studies in Germany have proven that it can help to reduce pain. Good sources of this vitamin can be found in wheat germ, sunflower seed, corn oil, legumes and whole grains. While some people swear by the arthritis cure that their copper bracelet brought, there is no scientific link to copper as being an aid to arthritis. In fact the opposite is true. Those with RA often have higher levels of copper in their blood. Too much copper can make you sick. Selenium deficiency can cause a particular type of arthritis called Kashin-Bek disease, but it is more common where the soil is deficient in selenium, though sufferers of RA have less in their blood than others. Fish, organ meats, whole grains, nuts and beans will provide selenium. Zinc may help reduce pain, stiffness and swelling. Some trials showed this was true, though others gave conflicting results. Oysters, cheese and tofu are all good sources of zinc. The pain of arthritis can also be relieved by hot-packs, deliberately focussing on something else like pleasant music, humor, gentle exercise and losing weight.
It itches, makes you scratch, but it is not a worm. It is contagious but can be controlled naturally and quickly. Kill the the fungus with a proven natural remedy. Tinea A rather common ailment has gone by a very unattractive name and one that is somewhat misleading. The scientific name for this ailment is Tinea; however the more common name is simply Ringworm. Tinea is Latin for ‘growing worm’ and may have led to the more common English translation. Ringworm Defined Ringworm is a simple fungal infection that zeros in on several key areas of your body including feet, scalp, nails and in the general area of the groin. The hallmark of ringworm is itching, skin redness and a patchy lesion that is clear in the center. Transference The fungal agent associated with ringworm is found among humans and animals. There is also a small variety of ringworm fungus that is found in certain soils. The transference of the fungus from carrier to host generally takes place through direct contact with either the infected animal or individual. Transference can also happen, to a lesser degree, from touching surfaces that the infected person has been in contact with. Incubation Scalp ringworm is generally noticed 10-14 days after contact with an infected animal or human while skin ringworm can appear 4-10 days following direct contact. Prevention One of the most effective ways to reduce conditions conducive to the spread of ringworm fungus is to keep areas that find common use clean. In the home this would be places like the dining room, living room and bathroom. In school this would be lockers, gyms and gymnastic mats. Avoid sharing personal items like towels, hairbrushes, hats, and clothing items. If you are involved in school sports consider wearing flip flops when taking a shower or using the pool. You might also make a habit of washing sport uniforms on a regular basis. When petting animals it is always a good idea to wash your hands or use antibacterial hand gel until hands can be washed. Learning about how ringworm is spread is a perfect preventative measure because the more you know about how it is spread the less likely you will be to put you or your family at risk. Knowledge is a key preventative step in reducing the incidence of ringworm. Other Common Names There have been numerous names given to various aspects of ringworm that many may find surprising; athlete’s foot and jock itch are two such examples. These infections are the result of a classification of fungi known as dermatophytes that gravitate toward dead skin tissues, nails and hair. Nature’s Assistance While the purpose of this article is not to diagnose the existence of ringworm or how to treat it from a medical standpoint, we can recommend two natural products that act as a natural anti-fungal agent. The mineral colloidal silver has been shown to kill more than 600 diseases and may be effective in treating ringworm. Another natural product that has show promise in reducing the effects of ringworm is tea tree oil.
Rosacea causes a red face in the center forever. But this flares up and may cause more coloration and also pustules if some thing triggers it. We have to stop the rosacea from flaring up, so that we can manage the condition. Otherwise all the treatment will fail. Rosacea - what may flare it up? Rosacea is a condition of the very small blood vessels on the surface of the facial skin. Anything that causes normal red face will flare up the rosacea. Try eating very spicy food even if you have no rosacea and you may observe a red flush on your face. so these are the triggers- Sun exposure Eating Spicy Food Change in temperature Stress Excess exercising Caffeine Irritating facial cosmetics Once you know about these flare ups, you need to find out what causes more trouble to you. Avoid all of them as much as possible and you will be keeping your rosacea under control. Try to wear a high SPF sunscreen or sun block. Use umbrella and try to avoid walking out in the sun in the noon. Avoid the triggers to stop flare-ups of rosacea. This article is only for informative purposes. This article is not intended to be a medical advise and it is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult your doctor for your medical concerns. Please follow any tip given in this article only after consulting your doctor. The author is not liable for any outcome or damage resulting from information obtained from this article.
What Is Rosacea? Rosacea is a skin problem of the face. In this the facial skin gets a reddish tone forever. It may cause itching and also cause spider veins and acne like pimples. Rosacea gets flared with triggers such as sun, caffeine, alcohol, spiced food etc. Though there is no cure for rosacea, it can be controlled. Let us find out more. Rosacea - treatment of spider veins and inflammation Most of the doctors cut the very small spider veins that become red with a electric needle. Once these veins are destroyed the reddish hue on the facial skin decreases considerably. Laser is also used to treat these veins. Some anti inflammatory topical formulations can be prescribed that will reduce the color and the problem. Rosacea - treatment of pustules the pustules that appear in rosacea are not acne but can be treated with topical medications including topical antibiotics. Rosacea - triggers Despite all the treatment you need to take care of the triggers. Whenever you get a flare up, please try to find out the trigger and make a list of your personal triggers. Avoid them. This article is only for informative purposes. This article is not intended to be a medical advise and it is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult your doctor for your medical concerns. Please follow any tip given in this article only after consulting your doctor. The author is not liable for any outcome or damage resulting from information obtained from this article.
Rosacea - what is it? Rosacea is also called adult acne or acne rosacea. But it has nothing to do with acne. In rosacea what happen is this. You will notice that you show red blush or flushing of the center part of your face in the beginning. That may happen after sun exposure or after eating spicy foods or drinking alcoholic drinks etc. But slowly this blush will become permanent and your face will always look red at the center. Slowly the color may spread to other parts of the face and acne like papules may form. Rosacea - Am I prone? No body knows the cause of rosacea. Nor it is known about who may be prone to rosacea. It is thought that it is a disease of the blood vessels of the face. When it develops further, you may notice red veins like spider veins on your face. Most of the men develop red big nose because of rosacea. Rosacea - are there any complications? Your eyes may get involved if you don't get roseasea treated. You will feel gritty in the eyes and must consult your doctor immediately. As said earlier, men may develop very bad looking red big noses that may need surgery to correct the shape. Rosacea - what should I do? If anytime you notice that you are getting red color easily on your face, watch if it is becoming permanent. Please consult your doctor immediately if it does and bring your rosacea under control. Knowing more about what triggers your rosacea will help you. This article is only for informative purposes. This article is not intended to be a medical advise and it is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult your doctor for your medical concerns. Please follow any tip given in this article only after consulting your doctor. The author is not liable for any outcome or damage resulting from information obtained from this article.
With premature births at a record high, more babies are facing serious health challenges during their first year of life. These problems may include respiratory infections that can compromise infants' lung function, making them more immediately susceptible to serious respiratory problems. According to a new survey conducted by the National Perinatal Association, nearly one-half of parents of premature infants are not aware of the preventive measures they can take to help protect their babies from respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), a common respiratory ailment that can lead to serious illness in preemies. In addition, almost 58 percent of parents whose babies have been hospitalized with RSV said they did not know about medication that could have helped prevent their child's hospitalization. RSV is a virus that causes infection of the lungs and breathing passages. In most infants, RSV causes only minor symptoms that resemble those of the common cold. But in premature babies, RSV can lead to lower-respiratory-tract infections, such as pneumonia, which can be serious and sometimes life-threatening. In most parts of the country, RSV season lasts from November through April. RSV often starts with a runny nose, coughing and low-grade fever, but as the infection progresses, it may cause breathing problems or wheezing, irritability or restlessness and poor appetite. Reducing the risk Preventing infection is the best way to protect preemies and high-risk babies, such as those with congenital heart or lung disease or a compromised immune system, from the potentially dangerous effects of RSV and other respiratory illnesses. To reduce the risk of severe RSV infection, parents can decrease their babies' exposure to respiratory viruses by: • Always washing their hands before holding their child, and insisting that others do, too; • Washing babies' toys, clothes, play areas and bedding often; • Not sharing personal items (pacifiers, cups, forks, spoons, towels, washcloths); • Keeping babies away from anyone with a cold or the flu, and avoiding crowded areas and day care during RSV season; and • Never letting anyone smoke around the baby. A pediatrician can provide medicine that may help protect babies against severe RSV infection. Many high-risk infants are first treated with such preventive medicine in the neonatal intensive care unit and then get additional monthly doses throughout the RSV season as coordinated by their primary care physician or pediatrician. The NPA survey results represent a national sample of 500 parents of premature children age 5 years or younger. The survey was underwritten by MedImmune, Inc.
: Rubella has many names: Roseola, German measles, three-day measles to name a few. Rubella is often mild which means that in several cases initial attacks will go unnoticed. This initially is not a bad thing; Although it does make the virus very hard to properly diagnose. In most cases the Rubella virus will enter in the human body through the nose or throat. Rubella can last between one and five days. It has been proven through studies that children can cover from the virus more quickly than adults as their immune system is more active, or just more simpy in better shape. Common to most viruses that live in the respiratory tract, Rubella is passed from person to person by tiny droplets in the air. These are droplets that are breathed out during normal respiration. It is important to note that the Rubella virus can also be transferred from mother to developing baby in the bloodstream by way of the placenta. Generally the incubation period for Rubella is two to three weeks. That is how long it takes to establish itself. Above I said that another name for Rubella is the German measles. That's funny because the name "German Measles" actually has nothing to do with the coutnry of Germany. Instead it comes from the latin, which means 'similar'; This is because rubella and measles share common symptoms. Symptoms of rubella include: - Swollen glands or lymph nodes - Joint pain and swelling - Inflammation of the eyes - Flaking (caused by dry skin - Nasal congestion - Pain in the testicles - Loss of appetite - Fever - Headache - Rash
A chronic neurological condition, Epilepsy is characterized by recurrent and unprovoked seizures. Epilepsy is most commonly controlled through the use of various medications, but can sometimes patients will even undergo surgical procedures to try and further control the condition. As mentioned above the main characteristic of epilepsy is the presence of recurrent and unprovoked seizures, this is the main diagnosis requirement. A seizure is a temporary alteration in brain functions that expresses itself into a changed mental state, tonic or clonic movement among other symptoms. Seizures are due to temporary abnormal electrical activity of a group of brain cells. Typically tests such as: EEG, brain MRI, SPECT, PET, and magnetoencephalography to help constrict the affect area of the brain as well as classify the epileptic syndrome. All of these different tests however, are not actually usefull in the orginal diagnosis. The 'Platinum' standard for diagnosis is through the long-term video-EEG monitoring for epilepsy. High costs and inconvenience however make this method not as wide spread as one might think. Although all of the symptoms of epilepsy are not known, many predisposing factors have been identified. These factors include brain damage that result from malformations during: - brain development - brain tumor - high fever - head trauma - penetrating wounds of the brain - intoxication - acute or inborn disturbances of metabolism - neurosurgical operations - bacterial or viral encephalitis - stroke It is also known that hereditary or genetic factors also play a large role in the prevalence of seizures. Typically, Epilepsy is treated with medication that is prescribed by a physician. Generally primary caregivers, neurologists, and neurosurgeons care for people with epilepsy. In many cases a special diet or the implantation of a stimulator of the vagus nerve can help to reduce the likelyhood of concurrent seizures. Good emergency response is extremely important to help the individual from self-injuring him/herself; injuries such as falling off edges, or injury from sharp objects are common.
Sexually transmitted diseases are escalating nowadays when more people have started entering into multiple sexual relationships. They might not consider this ethically wrong but the fact remains that such people are more prone to sexual diseases. However, if unfortunately one gets infected by any such disease, it is better to start ailment as soon as possible for these diseases have the potential to ruin your entire life. People often are embarrassed and scared to disclose their problem to others even to their friends but they fail to realize that delaying diagnose is compromising with their life. Thus, as soon as you fear a sexually transmitted infection, approach a doctor. This article informs the readers about certain primary STDs and their symptoms. 1. AIDS and HIV • Transmitted through - AIDS and HIV are two more or les related diseases. The HIV stands for the ‘human immunodeficiency virus’ and the disease that spreads through it is known as AIDS i. e. ‘acquired immune deficiency syndrome’. HIV travels through blood. It can be transmitted from one HIV positive person to his partner through sex. It can also pass on from the HIV positive mother to her child through infected breast milk and even from an infected syringe or other equipments that come into contact with the blood of the HIV positive to any other individual who is treated with the same devices. • Symptoms - weak immune system and susceptible to more infections than usual. HIV gets translated to AIDS when the HIV patient acquires a particular indicative illness. • Preventive Measures - not much available yet. But avoid taking drugs. Maintain hygiene. 2. Chlamydia- • Infected via - the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis is the cause of this infection. Once this bacterium enters the individual’s body it affects his mucous membranes, eyelids and even reproductive tissues. • Symptoms - the symptoms Chlamydia often confused with another similar STD called Gonorrhea and even with Conjunctivitis due to eyelid infection. The common symptoms to this disease are pain during sex, burning and abnormal discharge. Chlamydia can be without any typical indications also. • Prevention - the disease is curable. As a precautionary measure one should maintain hygiene during sex and get medical check up done in order to avoid infection. 3. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease - usually women are afflicted by this disease. It is a an infection in the upper genital tract and reproductive organs including ovaries, uterus and fallopian tubes. • Spreads through - Chlamydia and Gonorrhea are the two STDs that are most often responsible for this disease. Women between 15 to 25 years of age are more prone to be infected by it. Excess douching can also lead to PID for it cleanses the naturally beneficial bacteria from the women’s vagina. • Symptoms - When ailing PID, women might experience pain during intercourse, burning and even fever. • Precautions and Cures - antibiotics are useful to cure PID. But it is recommended to get frequent check ups done and in case the disease is discovered medicines and proper treatment should commence the very moment for PID can be unexpectedly harmful in later stages. 4. Gonorrhea - infects the individual’s sensitive tissues of reproductive system. • An individual can acquire this disease through all types of sexual contacts like oral sex. • Indications - the indicators to Gonorrhea are very few which makes it all the more difficult to adjudicate it and so stop it from being transmitted from one to the other person through sex. Symptoms are akin to Chlamydia so the two diseases are liable to be confused with each other. A person suffering from Gonorrhea experiences unusual discharge, burning, pain during sexual activity, swelling, fever and other infections like women may have bleeding between periods. • Remedies and Safety - treatment should commence in initial stages to cure Gonorrhea. Those who are pretty active in their sexual life should get check ups done on a regular basis to be on a safer side. Apart from these there are several other STDs not discussed here like Hepatitis, Scabies, Herpes, Syphilis, HPV etc. which are most common in ones. It is better to acquire information about them once you are sexually active and consult a gynecologist every now and then to avert from all kinds of STDs.
Shakira Isabel Mebarak Ripoll naciу en 1977 en Colombia y desde los aсos 1990 en Latinoamйrica, y desde los 2000 en los Estados Unidos se ha convertido en una gran figura de la mъsica latina con estilo oriental que la destaca entre los demбs artistas. Ella es una exitosa cantante, escritora, instrumentalista, productora de discos y bailarina la cual ha logrado atraer los oнdos y corazones de la millones de jуvenes y no tan jуvenes que disfrutan de su mъsica original, creativa y rebelde. Sus lнricos son originales ya que escribe poesнas inusuales en las cuales incluye frases como:"Tu mordiste la manzana y renunciaste al paraнso, y condenaste a una serpiente, siendo tu el que asн lo quiso." Logra producir rimas de una forma ъnica que solo ella conoce y a su vez en sus versiones en ingles que comenzу en el 2001, logro adaptar su propio estilo sin problema de idioma. Su primer disco en ingles se llama "Laundry Service" (Servicio de Lavanderia) convirtiйndose en un hit impresionante con el cual gano la mayorнa de sus 10 Grammys ganados hasta ahora. Las canciones mas conocidas de aquel disco don "Underneath Your Clothes" (debajo de tu ropa) y "Whenever, Wherever" (Suerte) fueron los mas populares. Su mъsica incluye tiene un estilo de Pop con Oriental, Tango, Latino y otros nuevos ritmos originales. Fijaciуn Oral Vol 1 and 2, fue su siguiente бlbum que saco con Alejandro Sanz la canciуn "Tortura", con Wyclef Jean "Hips don't Lie" y luego con Vellones "Beautiful Lie" otro gran йxito. Shakira tiene un origen descendiente catalбn-Italiano mezclado con catуlico Libanйs, la cual la caracteriza por tener un estilo oriental, latino que ha logrado obtener a lo largo de su popularidad que la diferencia de cualquier otro artista. Shakira escribiу su primer poema llamado "La Rosa de Cristal" a los cuatro aсos y siguiу escribiendo poemas que luego se convirtieron en canciones. A la edad de 8 cuando su hermano fue matado en un accidente de motocicleta Shakira escribiу su primera canciуn llamada "Tus Gafas Oscuras". Su personalidad por su puesto es expresada en sus lнricos y poemas, asн es como tambiйn polнticamente mantiene opiniones bastante polйmicas como comentarios "anti-israelнes" salidos en alguna entrevista en la radio resaltando su origen libanйs frente al conflicto en medio oriente. Tu actual novio, futuro marido es Antonio de La Rua, hijo del previo Presidente de la Republica Argentina, quien no es exactamente querido por la poblaciуn Argentina. A pesar de sus decisiones personales, su йxito como cantante y bailarina sigue siendo un hit y aplaudido por Sudamйrica, Estados Unidos, Espaсa y demбs paнses. Su estilo puede ser comparado al de Alanis Morisette, pero con una sensualidad y habilidad de bailar Belly Dance, que la destaca de las demбs cantantes. Lo que la ha ayudado a despegar en el mundo Internacional fue cuando saco su disco MTV Unplugged, "Donde Estбn los Ladrones" en 1999 el cual llego a las casas de millones de jуvenes en Estados Unidos e Europa.
Judith Irving knows a strong foundation when she sees it-she does, after all, have a degree in architecture. In regard to her life, Jude credits her successes to the foundation laid by her supportive mother and family, and Shriners Hospitals for Children. When Jude was born in 1971, it was discovered she had a rare form of dwarfism called diastrophic dysplasia. Before her first birthday, Jude became a patient at the Shriners Hospitals for Children - St. Louis. At the age of 12, she was referred to the Chicago Shriners Hospital, where the doctors knew more about her form of dwarfism. "They were wonderful, and throughout all my surgeries and physical therapy, I loved being at the Chicago Shriners Hospital," Jude said. "The help of Shriners enabled me to walk, go to my local high school and on to university." In high school, Jude was involved in music, drama and art; she even managed the track team. "I believe that just because you can't compete doesn't mean you can't be involved," she said. In 1997, Jude graduated from Ball State University in Muncie, Ind., with a bachelor's degree in architecture. Around that time she also married Jason, a British Paralympic powerlifter, who holds records in both disabled and able-bodied powerlifting in England. They married in a little country church that Jude had attended while growing up and then moved back to Jason's hometown of Manchester, England. It was there Jude began putting her creative talent and architecture degree to work. In 2000, Jude began doing freelance work for Buro Happold, an international engineering firm, and in May 2004 she was hired as a senior access consultant. Jude said her enthusiasm for her profession is immense and she puts that positive energy into all the projects she works on. And the projects are many. Jude has worked on the Millennium Dome in London, the new Museum of Liverpool and the new Kings Waterfront Arena and Auditorium. Her career success led to her involvement in several British committees, including the Board of Trustees for the Centre of Accessible Environments, the northwest BBC Disability Forum, and the access task force for the Royal Institute of British Architects. Jude also gives lectures for Architectural Journal conferences and master's-level courses on inclusive design at the University of Reading. For all her success in the field of architecture, Jude's passion is music. She sings and writes songs for her music group, Cactus Blue. They are working on compiling a CD. "I have been singing since I was 13 years old; I would give up architecture and accessibility work in a heartbeat if I had a break in music," Jude said. Shriners Hospitals has always played a role in Jude's life, even aside from her own treatment. Jude's younger sister, Angie, also has diastrophic dysplasia and was treated by Shriners Hospitals. And Jude's 4-year-old son, Kristian, has pseudoachondroplasia, the same form of dwarfism as his father. Doctors at the Chicago Shriners Hospital are monitoring Kristian's development in case he needs leg braces, and when he is about 12 or 13, they expect he will need his legs straightened. In the near future, Jude plans to move back to the United States. She hopes to continue her involvement in designing accessible environments. For now, though, she offers her appreciation to Shriners Hospitals. "Thank you, Shriners, for giving me a strong foundation to build my life on," Jude said. "You all will always hold a special place in my heart." For more information on the Shriners network of 22 hospitals that provide medical care and services totally free of charge to children with orthopaedic problems, burns and spinal cord injuries, visit the Web site at shrinershq. org or write to Shriners International Headquar-ters, Public Relations Dept., 2900 Rocky Point Dr., Tampa, FL 33607. Treatment is provided to children under age 18 without regard to race, religion or relationship to a Shriner.