African music is the music of Africans who live in a large region of 50 nations, each with a special culture, history and language, South of Sahara. Zulu musical instruments are part of this multilingual culture. African music has some distinct characteristics: the use of repetition is one of them. Another important characteristic is the polyphony; this is the combination of different musical parts played simultaneously. The history is marked by the awesome military strategies of the Zulu King Shaka. The King’s and his warriors’ campaign of expansion is well known in world history. Zulu rich traditional culture includes songs, dances and colorful rituals, Zulu musical instruments are spectacular and original. A variety of Zulu musical instruments are well known, s well as the traditional Mine dance; Zulus have longtime used their music as a cry for freedom. African music is really rich in modes of expression: drum ensembles are using Zulu musical instruments from the percussion family. Each drummer uses special methods to produce sounds to distinguish his drum from the others. Iron bells are very popular Zulu musical instruments; they are used to produce a repeated sound to help the drummers to play at the correct time. Zulu musical instruments, rare and very special The akadinda is a king of xylophone; two groups of African musicians are playing simultaneously. The first group is playing repeatedly the same pattern; the second group plays to fill in the missing sounds. Groups of Zulu musicians play also using flutes, trumpets or xylophones. Each player plays a single note in a strange rotation with the other players. The result is a polyphonic piece, characteristic to African music. Musical practices of South African people were observed from many years; Zulu musical instruments are obsolete. Venda mbila is an old Zulu musical instrument; it is not used anymore. Reed flutes, contrary, are still very popular. The influence of foreign cultures and civilizations causes many of old Zulu musical instruments to become obsolete. Musical instruments such as tsonga – a horn, ingungu – a friction drum, nkoka – a drum, pedi – a flute, venda – musical bow and stick, deze and demba – thumb piano and resonatos, umfece – ankle rattles are almost obsolete. To preserve this awesome heritage of Zulu musical instruments, the necessary information was entered into a database; each Zulu musical instrument was digitally photographed to preserve all information about it.
Gamble Rumble It cannot be denied that one of the most exciting, thrilling and lucrative (well, it depends on how you view it) forms of leisure (or should I say, livelihood) or entertainment for most of people from all over the world is the world of gambling. It all depends on luck, and yes, for some types, mental skill and strategy. If the gambling gods will be at your side and will pour out their tremendous aids upon you, then expect loads and loads of bucks to fill your not-so filled pockets. But if they seem to be favoring the gambling machine or the your opponent at the other side of the gambling table more, then our commiserations as you just lose your money bets. Indeed, it is this very nature of gambling, the luck of chances, that makes it as one of the most addictive habits to do for most. Ease the Tension Whether you are a seasoned gambler or not, it should not be so hard for you to surmise that gambling activities are usually full of tensions. These forms of heavy anxieties or worries definitely happen when one is placing a huge amount of money on the line, with one stroke of bad luck or one move or decision causing them to escape away from your hands. The prospect of getting bankrupt is also very imminent because as many would say, this is not a game of certainty but a mere activity of pure chance and luck. It is for the very reasons stated above that a normal gambler will usually resort to smoking some of his or her favorite brand of cigarettes to at least ease the tension and calm his or her senses. A stick is all you need, as many gamblers would say. You grab one from the sleek box and ignite the tobacco-filled stick. All will be fine temporarily. Dude, The Lighter! Cigarette-smoking while gambling might be a very common activity for most but a wonderful lighter is sometimes what one needs to add some style and spice to one's gambling and smoking habit. So for most gamblers, picking a choice of their own trusty brand of lighters makes all the difference. Now, it's not a wonder why Zippo lighters are a common choice for most. Whether you are a regular casino goer, poker player or roulette table better, Zippo lighters is a great brand of lighter for you. It might not really help you on winning the gambling games and bring home truckloads of cash but if it is your lucky day, you might as well consider lighting a stick to commence your well-deserved luck. Zippo lighters just do it with style. Zippo lighters come in different styles and designs that will totally appeal to one's senses. Nature-friendly? Then why not try Zippo lighters that have some cool animal or insect designs. Apart from that, there are also Zippo lighters with gold and silver tones, Southwest and Hollywood designs, Skull and Pirate themes, Music designs for the music lovers, liquor crafts for those who liquor and wine lovers and gambling and poker designs especially designed for those frequent gamblers! Multi-purpose Zippo lighters are also available for those that wants to balance the enjoyment of their smoking habit and the successful performance of some daily functions.
Zippo lighters in different designs and colors makes a remarkable assortment. If you have the first Zippo circa 1932, you have the collectors' Holy Grail. Since its first lighter, Zippo has sold 425 million lighters and having just 30 of the different models is quite a collection. Here’s a rundown of the different lighters worthy of any collector's collection. The Lighter That Created Jobs In the 1930s, America was in the throes of a great depression. Many tales have been told of farms foreclosed and jobs and fortunes lost. While there were a few stragglers from the affluent past, they were all cooking up ideas to make money. One was Mr. George G. Blaisdale who came up with good looking Zippo lighters. The first Zippo lighters that came from the small company that rented a space on Rickerson & Pryde on Boylston Street. There were just three workers soldering the lighters, which Blaisdale borrowed from the Austrian concept of the lighter. Blaisdale wanted to come up with a small lighter that would fit one hand and make it less clumsy for the smoker to light his cigarette. The original 1932 model was rectangular and had a protruding hinge that that held the lid to the three barrels and the body. The following year, this model was modified. By making it smaller by 1/4 inch, the lighter was on its way to become one of the world's well-known lighters. At the time, the lighters sold for $1.95 and sales were not impressive. Blaisdale came up with the lifetime warranty, sold parts, and repaired lighters. Merchants saw the opportunity to advertise their business through Zippo lighters. The Kendall Refining Company and Marlboro had a long-time partnership with Zippo lighters. This was a novel but effective concept for advertising. Avid collectors have these lighters in their prized collections. The rarer the lighter, the more expensive it is. Who knows if there's one in the attic? Collectors' Items to Wish For As the years rolled on, the Zippo lighters marked the events - a four star Zippo of Gen. Douglas MacArthur recalls the time of war and the sports series, which had engraved designs of different sports from football to golf. In war time, these lighters provided more than just the convenience of lighting the cigarette. Soldiers used these for many purposes - even heating up canned stew. Here are a few Zippo Lighters worth hunting up for a collection: 1. Windproof Lady - this lighter was introduced in 1937. 2. Zippos with the signature of Gen. MacArthur. 3. Table lighters - Barcroft Model and the Lady Bradford. 4. The discontinued Moderne and Corinthian. 5. NASA Zippos. 6. 1982 replicas of the original lighters. 7. Vintage series. 8. Coded series. 9. Zippo Blue. 10. Animal series. 11. Americana. 12. Astrological series. 13. Regional series. 14. Medieval and Fantasy. There are more of these Zippo lighters to thrill any collector. You can check out the available models online. How about checking out your friends' collections so you would know which lighter to add to his collection? A book on Zippo lighters and Zippo accessories are good ideas too for the collector. Before you go hunting for those most-wanted Zippo lighters, look up those lighters for the ladies, and scrounge up old magazines with Zippo advertisements. Have those adverts photocopied and framed. These are all welcome additions to the avid collector's mixed bag of treasures.
The entire process of living in Zimbabwe is something of a gamble at the moment, so you might think that there would be little appetite for patronizing Zimbabwe's casinos. Actually, it seems to be working the other way around, with the desperate economic circumstances leading to a greater desire to gamble, to try and find a quick win, a way out of the problems. For most of the locals living on the meager local wages, there are two popular forms of gambling, the national lottery and Zimbet. Just as with most everywhere else in the world, there is a national lottery where the odds of winning are extremely low, but then the prizes are also extremely high. It's been said by economists who study the subject that most do not buy a ticket in the rational expectation of winning; people understand the odds well enough. Rather, the possession of a ticket that might win that fortune acts as a pleasure in itself, dreaming about what could be done, if it did win. Zimbet is based on either the local or the UK football leagues and involves predicting the results of future matches. Zimbabwe's casinos, on the other hand, cater to the very rich of the society and tourists. Until recently, there was a very large tourist industry, based on safaris and visits to Victoria Falls. The economic woes and associated violence have cut into this trade. Amongst Zimbabwe's casions, there are two in the capital, Harare, the Carribea Bay Resort and Casino, which has five gaming tables and slots, and the Plumtree Casino, which has just the slot machines. The Zambesi Valley Hotel and Entertainment Centre in Kariba also has just slots. Mutare has the Monclair Hotel and Casino and the Leopard Rock Hotel and Casino, both of which have gaming tables and slot and video machines, and Victoria Falls has the Elephant Hills Hotel and Casino and the Makasa Sun Hotel and Casino, both of which have gaming machines and tables. In addition to Zimbabwe's casinos and the above mentoined lottery and Zimbet (which is very like a pools system), there are also two horse racing tracks in the country: the Matabeleland Turf Club in Bulawayo (the second city) and the Borrowdale Park in Harare. Given that the economy has shrunk by more than 40% in recent years and with the associated poverty and violence that has resulted, it isn't known how well the tourist industry which supports Zimbabwe's casinos will do in the near future. How many of them will survive until things improve is simply unknown.
Good golfers are always 'in' the game, especially before each and every shot. While to the onlookers, this may seem effortless, but there is so much going on in the mind of a golfer. This reminds of a scene in The Legend of Baggera Vance, where Bobby Jones steps up to the ball, to tee off. Will Smith tells Matt Demon to look at Jone's eyes, and tells him to observe how he looks at the field. He concentrates, takes his position, takes his practice swings, his mind and body in rhythm. The result is nearly perfect as a drive should be. This point of view may be far fetched and some may even object to it, but many will find some truth in the statement - Golf is a Zen experience. This is true for all golfers who are good at it, no matter how much they joke around and be goofing off. Zen is exactly this - being present physically and mentally in each and every moment at all times. As some people call this living life to its fullest, but this feeling is different. Zen is experiencing energy in every moment of life. It's a feeling of living life to the fullest and appreciating every moment for what is given. So can we then call Golf, a Zen Experience? Let’s see... Zen coincides with Golf in all aspects of the game. When the heart and soul is in the moment, a golfer takes notice of everything around themselves. The player feels the breeze, recognizing its force and direction, but effortlessly. Then they notice the feel of the grass as they walk down the fairway, but they are still not under pressure to be thinking about their shot. The player will then note the distance to the green, the weather conditions and select appropriate club. The player will focus on only one thing that the next shot and nothing else, but again without the pressure of thinking about it. The pressure to perform makes the player tense and this spoils the shot. On the other hand a Zen golfer would be calm and would trust his or her body. Once the mind and body are in sync, and then make the shot. He is aware that his shot may not be perfect always, as the golfer would have intended. The difference would be in the attitude. For a Zen golfer, a bad or imperfect shot will not affect him at all and he would get ready for the next. But this will definitely adversely affect others, who stress over every shot. Non-Zen golfer would get bogged down and keep thinking and cursing. These negative thoughts would affect his entire body language and will feel defeated even before the result. Since the body and mind are not in harmony, the entire game after the bad shot will get affected; this would be followed by another bad shot. Any good shot will be looked upon as an accident, luck or a fluke.
The popularity of youth hockey is exploding, especially in the U. S. and international countries. Today, more than ever before, youth hockey is being played by more kids than anyone would have imagined a few decades ago. One of the reasons for this is the availability, year round, of local ice rinks. In the past, if the weather outside did not cooperate, you didn’t skate. It was as simple as that. However, with new technology skating can easily be accomplished year round and that leads to more youth hockey leagues and teams. In addition to the technology that makes this sport more accessible to more people is the sheer fun of the game. That, too, has something to do with its increased popularity. This is a game that requires physical as well as mental skills. On the physical side the player must be able to skate well and for long periods of time. He or she must be able to make hair pin turns and reverse direction at will. They must also know how to handle a stick and puck and get it down the ice without losing it to their opponents. And there’s more. Each player must know his or her job well and be able to perform his task for any given play. They must be able to make snap decisions and execute those decisions in the blink of an eye. And they must do all of this while the opponent is trying to do the same to them! The fast pace, the quick reflexes, and the immediate need for good decision making are all attractive features for young players. When they are combined with team spirit and the socialization with other like-minded kids, it is no wonder that youth hockey is growing as it is. Unlike many other sports like baseball and basketball, this sport requires more specialized gear in order to protect the player and to assist him or her in play. Some of this equipment is governed by the rules and some is not. In addition to equipment, there are certain rules that all players must abide by. There are special plays they will need to learn in order to be the best they can be and there are many other aspects of this game that are unique to this game. Which leads to the question, where can parents learn more about the sport and the requirements? The Hockey Source has developed a free informational site that answers most (if not all) of the common questions that parents may have. It is a free site and the information available is well written and easy to understand. Some of the information was written by professionals in the field and the topics they cover are wide ranging in nature. The site is easy to navigate and is laid in such a way that no one should have any trouble finding what they need.
If your youngster is showing interest in stargazing and astronomy, a kids telescope can get them started with their new hobby without a large investment. Realize that a kids telescope is not a toy, but a fully functioning beginner telescope without all the advanced features. Giving your youngster a kids telescope will let them know that you support their interest in astronomy and see it as a worthwhile endeavor. A real telescope, even without all the features, can give your child or grandchild a head start in learning about the universe and star systems. Investing in a Kids Telescope While you can purchase a child telescope for under $25, these are really more of a toy than a functioning astronomy telescope. A real basic beginner telescope can be purchased for around $100 and can provide the young astronomer with a gateway to the heavens. If you wish to invest a little more, a good starter telescope with some of the more advanced features, will cost anywhere from $200 to $300. This will provide your youngster with a quality piece of stargazing equipment. As the child’s interest grows, an investment in a more sophisticated telescope model might be appropriate. For instance, many young astronomers enjoy having the capability to photograph certain star formations or passing comets. Tips for Buying the Right Child Telescope Many astronomers and educators recommend a telescope with a longer focal length and separate viewer. This allows the child to find objects much easier and reduces the frustration that can result for the novice astronomer. There are many cheaper models that offer a focal length of only 30mm or 50mm and will provide a more generalized view of the night sky. However, if you want a telescope that will provide a more detailed picture of the planets, moon and constellations, a 70mm or higher focal length is strongly recommended. Kids telescopes are available from a number of top-rate optics companies like Meade, Celestron, Bushnell, Orion and many others. Even the Discovery Channel offers an affordable 70mm lens kids telescope with easy set-up and easy-to-use features. Meade provides some of the best telescopes on the market today and caters to the amateur astronomer – from beginner to expert levels. For example, a 1000mm focal length telescope with photographic capabilities can be purchased for about $150. This is an excellent choice for the new astronomer because it provides a very good view of the heavens and shows details of the planets and moon that are generally not found with a telescope in this price range. An added bonus is that a 35mm camera can be attached to this telescope that allows your child to preserve those special night sky views on film. How to Use a Kids Telescope Reading the instructions for your child’s new telescope can’t be stressed enough. Even the basic kids’ telescopes can be confusing to use the first few times. It is advisable for the parent to read through the instruction manual and help the child astronomer learn the basics of the telescope’s operating features. A great way to enhance your child’s interest in astronomy is to view the night skies together. There is no better way to bond with your child than by enjoying the same hobbies and actively pursuing them together. A kids telescope can open up a whole new exciting world to your youngster. It can broaden their understanding of the universe and allow them to be a part of the cosmos beyond just this planet. Why not invest in your child by getting them a kids telescope for fun, education, and a true bonding experience.
In order to be the best musician that you can you need to shop for the right violin and take good care of your violin and bow. Before you can shop for your violin you need to be fitted in order to figure out what size of violin you need. Once you figure out which size you need, you can begin your shopping. If you are just beginning to play, then you might want to start out on a violin that is made for beginners. These are newer violins that are made just for beginners. Once you decide that you are going to play the violin for a long time you will want to shop for a good violin. The better the violin, the more expensive they will be. After you have bought your violin, you will want to take proper care of it. Keep your violin out of the humidity and out of extreme heat and extreme cold temperatures. Wipe off your violin daily to get the dust and dirt off of it and to keep it clean. Monitor any cracks on your violin. If they are bad, you need to take it in for repairs. Keep an eye on the bridge, tailpiece, saddles and fingerboard. Make sure that your violin looks like it did when you bought it. If you are questioning something then you can consult a violin maker or an orchestra director. You also need to take good care of your bow. It is not difficult to take care of a violin bow. Every time you use your bow you should loosen it before putting it back into the case. You should also have it restrung at least two times per year. Find a violin that suits your needs, keep it and the bow clean and in good condition and your violin and bow is sure to last for a long time to come.
Everyone has his unique anatomy. And that, my friend must be the foremost consideration in choosing you triathlon shorts. You can of course choose to base your choice of shorts on the quality of the material, the price or the over-all construction. But it is good to remember that there is no rule of thumb that will help determine the type that you will wear on the race day. After all, gears and equipments are your personal preferences. Triathlon shorts are quite hard to recommend due to our unique anatomical structures. This means that measurements of the crotch, butts and lengths vary largely depending on the persons using them. In shopping for your own, it would be best to try on as much types and models as you can to secure that your last choice will fit you comfortably. It will always be miss or hit and you have to pray for your luck. We cannot provide you the exact answers but allow us to help by presenting several factors that will help lead you towards better choices. Price You get what you pay for, this rule generally applies to almost all items that we see in the market. Better toss a few more dollars on a triathlon shorts that will help add to your performance than sacrifice to ill-fated shorts. Cheaper triathlon shorts are more likely to be substandard items. Cheap shorts cant provide you durability either because for most conditions, manufacturers cut through quality to give way to quantity of production. Panels The more panels the shorts have the higher the quality the manufacturer incorporated in the product. Additional panels won't damage the product, as many people believe. Actually they create more strength. Liner Any self-respecting triathlon shorts manufacturers know that apart from the shorts itself, the liner plays the major role. Don't go for those that are made from plastic compartments, thick paddings or gel inserts. Leg length Fashion dictates the length of triathlon shorts. And as we have seen, the length has been yo-yoing around that no one can actually tell what's best and what's not. It is after all, a personal choice between short shorts or not-so-short shorts. Waist length While we have been discussing how unstandardized triathlon shorts can be, the waist length marks as an exception. To be able to provide enough comfort during cycling, the waist length must be cut high back. And the front side must be cut low so bending is easier. In most cases, snuggers prove to be of greatest value since they keep in place no matter how rigid the legwork or the waters may be.
Pocket Billiards tables, sometimes simply called pool tables, are part of a great alternative sport, the Pool or Billiards. For those who wish to spend an evening out with friends and play an exciting new game, pool is also a great start for amateurs. If you have long been searching for your next sophisticated sports game and chess is not anymore one of your options, perhaps it is time for you should to consider playing a game of pool and see how strategy, creativity and determination can be combined. Owning or renting one for a few hours, the pool table can indeed be one of those addictions nobody will advise you ever to drop. If your basement or living room is spacious enough to accommodate a 7-feet, 8-feet, or 9-feet pool you will soon be able to admire how ingenious such an investment can be. Since it can be easily hidden under flat hardwood table-top surfaces, a pool table can become a multidimensional, exciting dinner table, which you can first use to entertain people by displaying some of your best cooking recipes and later enhance their evening by inviting them to a friendly straight pool competition. If the cost of a pool table exceeds your current financial budget, or if space is not an option either, then initiating a pool game night out with friends, once a month, can be your fun and creative get-together experience. For what its worth, holding a cue, using a chalk to sharpen its end, and most importantly, strike a ball, can certainly get you into a much better mood than sitting around the house watching television or surfing the Net boring yourself to death. Your selection of a pool table depends on your choice of billiard game. If you prefer the carom instead from the pocket type of game, then your table will not have the six holes found in a pocket type of pool. But if you are an 8-ball, 9-ball, one-pocket, bank pool, or snooker fun, then the pocket pool table seems like an obvious choice. Whichever the table you will purchase or rent, the fact still remains that pool or billiard, is a totally unique experience you have to try at least once in your life. If, and when, you will select to go with the privately owned pool table option, be sure to get the longest possible service guarantee from your prospective pool table's manufacturer and do not forget to buy pool cues (sticks). Offered in a great selection, for beginners to professional players, cues are one of those necessary accessories you will need to "pull it off" with a pool game. In addition, pool balls, a rack to organize the billiard balls on the table's surface, some specially designed rectangular-shaped blue chalks, a mechanical bridge - used to extend a player's reach on a shot where the cue ball is too far away for normal hand bridging - are some of the things you will need to experience a pool game in full extent.
I had a request, after a previous article on Putting Statistics, for some fixes for the common Putting faults. You see this sort of thing all the time in the golf magazines. Yes, there are more common problems, almost all related to the basic technique, but you can isolate your own individual problems a little further by keeping a few basic statistics on the next three or four rounds and then doing some simple analysis. After each green record the following information on a separate scorecard: How many putts did you take? What approximate length was each putt and if you missed was it short or long and missed left or right of the hole? At the end of each round, take 5 minutes to analyse the card. Some things to look for are: If you are missing the hole far more often on one side then there might be a technique problem but there is equally a chance that you have one eye that is much stronger than the other leading you to ‘see the line incorrectly’. If you are short far more often than long, especially on putts up to 30 feet, then you are clearly missing out on the opportunity to hole a few (never up, never in) in which case practice a drill that rewards you for putts that you sink AND putts that go past the hole but stay short of a 3 feet marker. If you are missing putts every round in the less than 3 feet radius, then ask yourself are you positive enough on these shots? Is your concentration not what it should be? Do you have a consistent routine? If you are missing more than 50% of your putts in the 3 feet to 6 feet radius then celebrate because with just a little practice, using some simple drills, you can improve this quickly and take a lot of shots off your scorecard. Finally, look at the distance you are left with on your second putts. Is your first putt leaving you with too much to do? If it is then again there are some easy and quick practice routines that will enable you to drop shots from your handicap. If you have identified where you are going wrong then come and chat to me and I’ll give you some pointers and ideas of how to improve. But remember, as with all things in golf, good fundamentals, that you have learnt and know how to check in your game, will not only improve your game now, but will enable you to continue playing good golf even when you’ haven’t had the chance to play quite as frequently. Visit your local PGA Golf Professional for expert advice on all aspects of golf.
Like life, winning at golf is a mental challenge. You should never be too down on yourself for a loss, anymore than you should become arrogant at a few successes. The game of golf will help you learn to deal with disappointment and shortcomings in other areas of your life. Don't ever allow yourself to stop enjoying the time you spend with the game. If you begin to find yourself losing your enthusiasm in this situation, take the time to evaluate and determine out what has begun going wrong and take action to correct it immediately. Once the enjoyment of the game is lost for you, it is difficult to continue play. It is important in golf as well as in life, to periodically step back and re-evaluate your game. There are an abundance of techniques for this. Some will record their game so that they can watch it in order to evaluate the changes they need to make. The point is by evaluating your game... I mean to see how well what you are progressing and getting you to the goals that you have set for yourself is a lifelong continual process of a quest for improvement. It is important that you must set up well thought out attainable goals and milestones along with a specific means of reaching those goals... and a way to track and evaluate your progress. In order to thoroughly evaluate your game, you will need to review how you play. This involves taking a good look at your previous games and deciding if you have succeeded in meeting the goals you set. If you have met that goal compensate yourself for a job well done, and review the next goal. If you havent yet met that goal you will need to evaluate it and determine if it is reachable, and if not, re-set it to a more realistic place. Determining the reason it was not successful can and will go a long way in evaluating and ultimately improving your game. Once you have found the reason for the inability to meet the goal you have set, and re-established it, you can once again begin to play and hopefully compensate yourself again as you reach one goal after another. If you are willing to combine hard work with reachable goals with a strong metal game, your will be a winner at life as well as golf.
The primary goal of any beginner or intermediate student of karate is usually to attain the coveted black belt. The black belt represents technical excellence, high ethical standards and the ability of a student to endure a strict and rigorous training regimen. To those “in the know,” people with black belts are seen as being more than just average practitioners. They are rightfully seen as being highly disciplined and skillful proponents of the art. So what are the steps that any beginner can take now to ensure a successful path to black belt? This article lays out the top ten planning and training tips for becoming a black belt. If you read and follow these tips, you will significantly increase your chances of success in getting to the destination of “Black Belt” as a serious karate practitioner. Tip #1: Define what the black belt means to you personally There is an expression that goes “if you don’t know where you’re going, you will probably end up somewhere else…” By defining what the black belt means, you now have specific reasons to become one. You must take full ownership of your chosen goal if you are to achieve it. Your instructor and fellow students will be more than happy to encourage you along the way but the responsibility of reaching your goal lies squarely on your shoulders. Tip #2: Set a realistic period in which to reach your goal It typically takes three to four years of regular training to attain the level of 1st degree black belt. If you say you are going to do it in one year then you are probably being overly ambitious. Likewise, if you set a timetable of eight years to reach the goal, then you are probably not stretching yourself enough. Find out what the minimum time is and what the average time is, and set your goal somewhere in between the two. Tip #3: Break your overall goal down into smaller content chunks “A mile is a trial, but an inch is a cinch.” You cannot possibly learn everything that you need in order to become a black belt at once, so it is very important that you break down the overall syllabus and content into smaller bite-sized chunks. Fortunately, this has been done for you already, as each belt level has specific required content. Get a copy of the grading syllabus and focus on what you need now instead of what you will need six months down the road. Tip #4: Understand exactly what content you need to learn You need to know exactly what is required of you at each level. Again, you should refer to the grading syllabus and any student resources that are available. Take note of what is taught in class, focus primarily on what is needed for your next belt, and not just on what is fun. Knowing your required content is like having a detailed roadmap to your destination. If you know where you are going and you have the directions of how to get there, then you are more likely to arrive at your chosen destination on schedule. Tip #5: Get to know the black belts in your club and ask them how they were successful. “Hang around with the winners” is excellent advice. A black belt is somebody who has already achieved the goal that you are striving to reach. They obviously know what it takes to get to the destination otherwise; they would not be wearing the black belt. Do not be afraid to approach the black belts in your club and find out what it was like for them during their journey to black belt. They will more than likely have lots of great advice that will be very helpful and will be more than happy to share their own personal success stories as well as the challenges they faced on the journey. Tip #6: Go to class on a regular basis “90% of success comes from ‘showing up.’” There are no short cuts. Consistent and persistent practice will lead to positive progress and growth. You must make your weekly karate classes a priority and a necessary discipline in your ultimate journey to becoming a black belt. Books and training videos can be great tools, but you cannot learn everything you need from a book or a DVD. You need a qualified instructor who can guide you along the way and who will give you appropriate feedback. Tip #7: Practice at home Repetition and practice are keys to success in anything you do, especially in karate. Going to class on a regular basis is essential, but practice at home is also highly recommended if you are to make it to black belt within your desired timeframe. Practicing at home allows you to work on the things that you know you need to practice more and gives you a chance to digest the content that is given to you each week in class. Tip #8: Read books on karate and your style and do some research on the Internet There is nothing wrong with going out and buying a good book on your chosen art or style or buying DVDs that detail different training methods. Research on the Internet is also a good idea. Your instructor should not be your only resource when it comes to your karate. You need to take full responsibility for your success and nowadays there are so many great resources out there that do not cost much and that offer very valuable tips and advice to improve your training. Take advantage of them as much as possible. Tip #9: Find a training partner who shares the same goal and push each other to the next level There is nothing more motivating than a bit of friendly competition. Try to find someone in your club who is at a similar level and ability and team up with them through your common goal of becoming black belts. Together you will be able to push each other through the tough times, celebrate with each other on each successful step forward, and keep each other focused on the result of your efforts. Tip #10: Never give up on becoming a black belt Karate success can be summed up in three words… “Begin and Continue.” If you are vigorously implementing the previous nine tips then tip #10 should be a no-brainer. However when the inevitable doubts as to whether or not you will be successful in reaching your goal rear their ugly heads, just remind yourself of one immutable truth. Giving up on your goal guarantees failure. Persistence, on the other hand, will lead you to your desired result. If you are steadfast in the value of reaching your goal then giving up will never be a viable option. These then, are the top ten tips for becoming a black belt. If you follow this advice and train hard then it is inevitable that you will attain the coveted black belt. There are no hidden secrets or special training methods just clear goals, consistent practice and hard work. In addition, one more thing – enjoy your journey on your way to success and the black belt, because if it is not fun and enjoyable to you, then none of the rest of this advice will fall into place. Good luck and best wishes to you on your honorable and noble quest. Feel free to write to me at Paul@freekarateinformation with any questions you have on your practice or your destination. Also be sure to read my FREE Report, “Achieving the Black Belt: How to Successfully Take Your Karate to the Next Level”. You can download it at freekarateinformation
There’s a good reason Tanya Streeter holds multiple world records for free diving. It’s all in the training. Here are a few tips from Streeter’s own training regimen: First, expect to stick with this plan for 14 weeks. It’s rigorous but well worth the time spent and you could very well find yourself improving on your time and stamina in No Limits, Constant Weight or Static and Dynamic Apnea events. Bear in mind that in each phase of training you’ll work out for six days and rest on the seventh! Part I – Strength Building During Week 1 you’ll alternate days between 1 hour of cardio and 1 hour of weight lifting. The cardio training should consist of at least 45 minutes of your heart rate between 65%-85% of maximum. When weight training, lift between 60%-75% of your ability. The first and last thing to do each day is stretching and be sure to stretch the muscles you’ll work on that day. For weeks 3-6, you’ll alternate between cardio and the treadmill or elliptical machine. Do 2 hours of cardio using interval training on Day 1 of that week, peaking your heart rate at 65%-92%. Follow that with 1 hour of cardio endurance with your heart rate between 75-85%. Day 3 should consist of 2 hours of intensification training at around 80% heart rate with high intensity and followed by 1 hour of cardio endurance. Start Day 5 with 2 hours of endurance training with your heart rate between 75%-85%. Don’t forget to stretch before and after. On Days 2, 4, and 6, start with a 30-minute warm up on the treadmill or elliptical machine then lift 70-85% of your ability on weight training. Part II – Conditioning On weeks 7-10, you’ll alternate each day between a 2 hour pool session and 2 hours of apnea weight training following some light stretching. On day when you do your apnea training you’ll want to start with a minute of breath-up preparation lifting 30% of your ability. Do as many repetitions as you can handle in apnea, then perform 1 hour of endurance training at a heart rate of 75%-85%. Pool sessions should consist of underwater laps. Vary your exercises to include restricted breathe-up preparation with increasing underwater distance, decreasing breath-up preparation utilizing the same underwater distance, and limited breathing during an extended swim involving hypoxia endurance training. Don’t forget to stretch before and after and include a warm down swim before your final stretching. If you can fit it in and it doesn’t overtire you then include some static apnea training as well. Part III – Diving Over the next four weeks you’ll want to do some actual diving. Remember, though, every time you dive you should take a buddy to keep an eye on safety precautions. Each time you dive increase your depth a little more, but don’t overexert yourself. The goal is to improve your free diving skills, not to kill yourself. Plan some rest days in your regimen. They should fall every 2-4 days. On those days you can maintain your strength and cardiovascular skills by reverting back to the workouts in Parts I and II of this plan. You want to be sure not to tire key muscles. Also, when training for free dive competitions you want to pay special attention to your diet and sleep habits. Eat right and get plenty of sleep. Above all, be safe and stretch, stretch, stretch those key muscle groups!
Do you dream of consistent laser-guided precision in your drives? We'll believe it or not, you don't need any fancy technology. You can develop pin-point, repeatable accuracy with your own in-built laser guidance system. "My own in built laser?" you might ask. Yes, my friend, it's called the power of focus and with a little practice you can easily acquire this skill that will make you the envy of the fairway. You'll enjoy the pleasure of seeing those balls smack your targets just like a laser-guided bomb. Precision Strokes on The Fairway – Have you ever consistently hit great long range precision shots at the driving range only to find yourself disappointed with lack luster performance on the fairway? Your fall–off in performance is most likely to do with your mental game. With the much less structured environment of the fairway, your brain has many more distractions to contend with. In much the same way as a race car driver recovers from a skid, it is crucial that you withdraw your focus from where you do not want the ball to go, like bunkers and such and focus instead on where you want it to go. Focus, Focus, Focus - Your brain works to render the dominant image that you hold in your head. If your image is one of not “hitting the bunker”, the bunker is the most likely outcome you will create. Instead, concentrate on where you intend the ball to go at the exclusion of all else. Choose a narrow feature of your target area like a tree branch or a distinctive patch of grass. Visualize the ball landing exactly where you want it. With intent focus and only thoughts of where you want the ball to go, you will produce your desired result. Focus, focus, focus is your key to ensuring the ball goes precisely according to your intention. With this crucial mental factor addressed, let’s take a look in the technique department. The Chill Factor – You know, if there’s a common ingredient to superior performance in all sports, it’s the relaxation or “chill” factor. Paradoxically relaxation often overcomes brute force. It’s a key a principal underlying martial arts like Aikido and it’s the essence of what football great and recent winner of ‘Dancing with the Stars’, Emmitt Smith calls being in the “zone”. If you’re flexible and you have “give” in you body, you can more easily take effective, clear-headed, responsive action in any given situation. The same holds true for your golf. Cultivate the intention of relaxation over power in your game and focus on striking the golf ball in a relaxed, easy manner. You’ll exert less effort in your swing and you’ll be surprised when the ball travels an equal if not greater distance, then when your intent is on power driving. So chill and enjoy. Cultivate Your Swing Plane – To achieve repeatable accuracy, you must ensure that your club-head follows a consistent path in the same “swing plane” every time. Think of your swing plane as an inclined disc that envelops the trajectory of your club. Swing planes are as unique as thumb prints. So you’ll need to experiment with your arm positioning to discover the right swing plane that works for you. Move slowly through your downswing and notice how individual adjustments of the different joint angles lead to consistency and comfort. Again, comfort is your key indicator. Remember if it’s not comfortable it’s not right for you. Align Your Clubface – It might seem obvious but the alignment of your clubface directly dictates the trajectory of your ball. You can maximize control over of your clubface angles by ensuring that your leading wrist is flat with respect to your forearm through your downswing to impact. Don’t be tempted to snap your wrists at the bottom of your swing. It’s a common misconception amongst amateur gofers that the “wrist snap” gives more power. It doesn’t. According to Theodore Jorensen, expert on the physics of golf, this action reduces club head speed. What’s more it screws up your club head alignment. So keep those wrists flat and you’ll enjoy a great foundation for whacking the ball at the proper angle every time. Laser Guided Precision – Yes, practice these simple strategies and enjoy a wonderful improvement in your accuracy and your scoring. Remember to think David over Goliath and cultivate accuracy over power. Chill out, get in your “zone” and be relaxed in your swing action. Cultivate you unique swing plane for repeatability. Keep your wrist flat for refined control over your clubface alignment. And finally, whack those balls with laser-guided precision when you tie it all together with the simple mental strategy of “Focus, Focus, Focus”.